BOAZ


BOAZ
BOAZ (Heb. בֹּעַז), the son of Salmah, great-grandfather of King David. Boaz was descended from Nahshon, the son of Amminadab (Ruth 4:20–22; I Chron. 2:10–15), prince of the tribe of Judah in the generation of the wilderness (Num. 1:7). He lived in Beth-Lehem in the time of the Judges and is described as a "man of substance," that is, a wealthy landowner employing many young men and women on his estate (Ruth 2:1). ruth , the Moabite daughter-in-law of Naomi, came to glean in his fields, and Boaz expressed his appreciation for her kindness and devotion to the widowed Naomi. Being a kinsman of Elimelech, Ruth's late father-in-law, Boaz undertook to redeem the latter's inheritance. He then married Ruth (ibid., 2:11–12; 3:12; 4:1–15). (Nahum M. Sarna) -In the Aggadah Boaz was a prince of Israel (Ruth R. 5:15) and the head of the bet din of Beth-Lehem. He is, therefore, sometimes identified with the judge Ibzan of Beth-Lehem (Judg. 12:8) who lost his sixty children during his lifetime (BB 91a). Ruth and Naomi arrived in Beth-Lehem on the day on which Boaz' wife was buried (ibid.). He had a vision that Ruth would be the ancestress of David (Shab. 113b). When Ruth told him that as a Moabite she was excluded from marrying him (Deut. 23:4), Boaz responded that this prohibition applied only to the males of Moab and not to the females (Ruth R. 4:1). Although a prince, Boaz himself supervised the threshing of the grain and slept in the barn in order to prevent profligacy (Ruth R. 5:15).   When awakened by Ruth, he believed her to be a devil, and only after touching her hair was he convinced to the contrary since devils are bald (Ruth R. 6:1). The six measures of barley which he gave her were a symbol of her destiny to become the ancestress of six pious men, among them David and the Messiah (Sanh. 93a–b). Boaz was 80 years old and Ruth 40 when they married (Ruth R. 6:2), and although he died the day after the wedding (Mid. Ruth, Zuta 4:13), their union was blessed with a child, Obed, David's grandfather. In recognition of his merits, certain customs that Boaz originated were retained and received heavenly approval – the use of the Divine name in greeting one's fellow man (Ruth 2:4; Ber. 9:5) and the ceremony of pronouncing benedictions on a bridal couple in the presence of ten men (Ket. 7a). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Yeivin, in: Eretz Israel, 5 (1958), 97–104; W. Rudolph, Ruth (19622), 36; J.A. Montgomery, in: JQR, 25 (1934/35), 265; R.B.Y. Scott, in: JBL, 58 (1939), 143ff.; M. Burrows, ibid., 59 (1940), 445–6; F. Dijkema, in: Nieuw Theologisch Tijdschrift, 24 (1953), 111–8; EM, 2 (1965), 282–3 (incl. bibl.). IN THE AGGADAH: Ginzberg, Legends, 4 (1947), 30–34; 6 (1946), 187–94.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Boaz — ( [ bəʊæz] ; Heb. בועז) is a major figure in The Book of Ruth in the Bible.Boaz in the Bible He was a rich landowner who noticed Ruth the widowed Moabite daughter in law of Naomi, a relative of his, gleaning grain from his fields. He soon learns… …   Wikipedia

  • Boaz — steht für: Boaz (Vorname), männlicher Vorname hebräischer Herkunft Boaz ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Boaz (Alabama) Boaz (Illinois) Boaz (Kentucky) Boaz (Missouri) Boaz (New Mexico) Boaz (Virginia) Boaz (West Virginia)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Boaz — Boaz, AL U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 7411 Housing Units (2000): 3468 Land area (2000): 12.195238 sq. miles (31.585519 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.055415 sq. miles (0.143525 sq. km) Total area (2000): 12.250653 sq. miles (31.729044 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Boaz, AL — U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 7411 Housing Units (2000): 3468 Land area (2000): 12.195238 sq. miles (31.585519 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.055415 sq. miles (0.143525 sq. km) Total area (2000): 12.250653 sq. miles (31.729044 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Boaz, WI — U.S. village in Wisconsin Population (2000): 137 Housing Units (2000): 67 Land area (2000): 0.357484 sq. miles (0.925880 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.357484 sq. miles (0.925880 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Boaz, WV — U.S. Census Designated Place in West Virginia Population (2000): 1345 Housing Units (2000): 554 Land area (2000): 3.710809 sq. miles (9.610951 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.816564 sq. miles (2.114891 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.527373 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Boaz — [bō′az΄] n. [Heb boaz, lit., swiftness] Bible Ruth s second husband: Ruth 4:13 …   English World dictionary

  • Boaz — m Biblical: Hebrew name of uncertain origin, perhaps meaning ‘swiftness’. In the Bible it is borne by a distant kinsman of Ruth who treats her generously and eventually marries her. The given name was in occasional use in England in the 17th and… …   First names dictionary

  • Boaz — Un tableau de Rembrandt représentant Boas et Ruth. Boaz, de l hébreu בועז bô az « en lui (est) la force », est un personnage du Livre de Ruth. Historique Riche propriétaire terrien de Bethléem, il est fils de Salmôn et Rahab …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Boaz — (fl. 12th cent, BCE)    Israelite landowner, husband of Ruth. When Ruth came to glean in his fields, Boaz saw and admired her devotion to her widowed mother in law Naomi. As a kinsman of Elimelech (Ruth s father in law), Boaz undertook to marry… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography


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